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Pandinus cavimanus (left) Pandinus cavimanus under UV (right)

 

GEO-LOCATION

Pandinus species of scorpion are found in many Central African countries. There are 21 species within this genus.

HABITAT

Pandinus occurs in rainforests to savannas.  They burrow under logs, rocks and even into termite mounds.

CHARACTERISTICS

Pandinus is genus of large scorpions, some species growing to well over 20cm. Scorpions within this genus are robust, heavy bodied and have very large powerful pincers


 Pandinus cavimanus communal group

 
Many species within this genus are happy to live in a communal setup. Their colouration varies from pitch black to dark browns. Their temperament varies from completely docile to quite aggressive depending on the species.

SEXUAL DIMORPHISM


  

Pandinus imperator female |  Pandinus imperator male


- Males have longer pectines than females.
- Tail segments in males tend to be longer than females.

KEEPING PANDINUS IN CAPTIVITY

a) Cage setup

 
  

 
All species within this genus will do best in a Tropical Setup. If you want a spectacular show piece for people to talk about, then create a communal tank setup. Flat pieces of bark can be used for scorpions to hide and burrow under.

b) Substrate

Peat can be used as a substrate. This should be quite a thick layer.

c) Decor

Tropical plants can be used for a communal tank setup.

d) Temperature

Pandinus are found in hot tropical rainforests with high humidity. High 20's - low 30's will suffice as a heat source (check the maximum temperature the heat pad achieves first). If it goes into high 30's then you might want to control the temperature via a thermostat. I would turn the heating on during the day and off at night. You can decide whether you want to keep the heating on permanently during winter or not.

e) Water source

For instar (baby) Pandinus scorpions you can simply (using a fine spray) spray water onto one side of the enclosure once a week. For adult Pandinus scorpions you can provide a small flat dish for water.

f) Feeding


   

Feed cockroaches, large crickets, silkworms and even giant mealworms every second week.



Pandinus imperator

g) Handling

They can deliver a painful sting but their venom isn't life threatening. The correct way to handle a scorpion is ALWAYS use a long set of tweezers or forceps.

NOTES

 Within the genus of Pandinus is the most popular scorpion in the world, called the Emperor Scorpion or Pandinus imperator. This scorpion makes for a great scorpion to keep in captivity due to its docile nature. Due to is popularity in the pet trade and consequent over collecting, Pandinus imperator is protected by CITES.
 
Sometimes other species of Pandinus get sold as Emperor Scorpions but a few things give them away:

1. Colouration - Emperor Scorpions or
Pandinus imperator is pitch black.
2. Aggression - Emperor Scorpions or Pandinus imperator generally have a very docile nature and do not mind being handled, other species of Pandinus tend to be more aggressive in nature.