Here you can see a
Parabuthus transvaalicus leaving its burrow in sand (top right).
They range in size
from 5 - 18cm. They are highly venomous, with
considered the most venomous in South Africa. Parabuthus is an
aggressive species. Most species are nocturnal with the
exception of the largest of the Parabuthus species,
Parabuthus villosus, that is active during the day.
- Males are smaller
- Males have bulbous
pincers whereas females have flat pincers
- Males tend to have
longer pectines than females
KEEPING PARABUTHUS IN CAPTIVITY
a) Cage setup
are pretty much desert dwelling species and so a Desert Setup
would suffice. You decide whether you want a glass or plastic
enclosure and what size.
Simple playpen sand.
A few rocks and
pieces of flattish bark to hide under will suffice.
A simple piece of
bark makes for a great hiding spot for Parabuthus scorpions.
A heating pad under
part of the cage will provide a heat source. Some keepers
like to place the heating pad on the back of the cage and not
under, as they say that scorpions will burrow to the heat and
get too hot. I haven't experienced this.
Picture of a heating
High 20's - low
30's will suffice as a heat source (check the
maximum temperature the heat pad achieves first). If
it goes into high 30's then you might want to
control the temperature via a thermostat. I would
turn the heating on during the day and off at night.
You can decide whether you want to keep the heating
on permanently during winter or not.
e) Water source
Always provide a
water source. ALL scorpions drink! For instar (baby) scorpions
and small species you can simply (using a fine spray) spray
water onto one side of the enclosure once a week.
P. transvaalicus and
P. capensis can be seen drinking from a small
shallow water bowl.
For adult scorpions
and larger species, you can provide a small flat dish for
water. Remember, Parabuthus species come from areas with
low rainfall so they do not need to be over watered. A
small amount of water once per week will suffice.
When it comes to feeding, I would say feeding once
every second week will suffice. Quantity will depend
on the size of the scorpion.
are generally aggressive and they are venomous so NEVER try to
handle a Parabuthus species! The correct way to be handling
Parabuthus scorpions and in fact all scorpions is with a long
pair of forceps as seen below.